News — July 13, 2017 at 5:43 am

Travel ban: Who does Trump’s executive order block from entering the US?


The U.S. is expected to reach its limit on the number of refugees allowed in the country by this evening.

And with that cap reached, President Donald Trump’s refugee ban will go into effect – later than the State Department originally predicted.

The Supreme Court in June partially restored Trump’s executive order — widely seen as a Muslim ban — and the administration set new criteria for visa applicants and refugees. The updated rules for refugee admissions are to be implemented once a 50,000-person cap on is reached.

The State Department originally predicted the cap would be reached by July 6, but the number of admitted refugees since October was still under 50,000. Therefore, the State Department now predicts the new rules will be implemented around July 12.

“At the time … we estimated that the number would be reached within a few weeks, so there was never a particular date that was set out,” State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said.

Here’s a look at who the travel ban affects once it’s officially implemented.

What countries are impacted?

Trump’s travel ban impacts six Muslim-majority countries — Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen.

Trump’s travel ban blocks people from six Muslim-majority nations from entering the country. Those countries are: Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen.

New guidelines stipulate that visa applicants from those six nations must be able to prove a “bona fide relationship” in the U.S. If an applicant cannot prove that relationship, then they will be barred from the U.S. for 90 days.

However, there are exceptions. People who already secured visas will still be allowed. Those entering the U.S. for business purposes, students and journalists might also be allowed so long as that they have the proper documentation, a State Department official told Fox News.

Consular officers may grant other exemptions to applicants from the six nations if they have "previously established significant contacts with the United States;" ”significant business or professional obligations" in the U.S.; if they are an infant, adopted child or in need of urgent medical care; if they are traveling for business with a recognized international organization or the U.S. government or if they are a legal resident of Canada who applies for a visa in Canada, according to the cable sent to embassies.

Who are these ‘bona fide’ relationships?

During the time between the Supreme Court’s ruling and when the travel ban will actually take effect, the State and Justice Departments established definitions for who exactly could fall under the bona fide relationship category.

Parents, spouses, children, siblings, fiancés and sons- or daughters-in-law are approved relationships.

Grandparents, grandchildren, aunts, uncles, nieces, nephews, cousins, brothers-in-law, sisters-in-law and other extended family are not accepted as “close family.”

Things such as a hotel reservation also do not count as a bona fide relationship.

A legitimate relationship should be “formal, documented and formed in the ordinary course rather than for the purpose of evading” the executive order.

What about refugees?

The same requirements of visa applicants apply to refugees who will be barred for at least 120 days.

However, the State Department said it will continue with its resettlement of refugees who had already been accepted through July, an official told Fox News.

Trump set a 50,000-person cap on the number of refugees accepted into the country through the end of September. That cap is expected to be reached around July 12.

How is the government’s diversity program affected?

Under the new rules, would-be immigrants from the six affected countries who won a coveted visa in the government’s diversity lottery — a program that randomly awards 50,000 green cards annually to people from countries with low rates of immigration to the United States — will also have to prove they have a "bona fide relationship" with in the U.S. or are eligible for another waiver or face being banned for at least 90 days. That hurdle may be a difficult one for those immigrants to overcome, as many visa lottery winners don’t have relatives in the U.S. or jobs in advance of arriving in the country.

Generally, winners in the diversity lottery only need prove they were born in an eligible country and have completed high school or have at least two years of work experience in an occupation that requires at least two other years of training or experience.

The Associated Press contributed to this report.

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